Hamburg general information
Hamburg is a big city in northern Germany with a population of 1.7 million (suburbs included 4,3 million). The city is a cultural and financial centre for the entire nothern Germany, and is also the third largest musical city in the World after New York and London.
Hamburg Airport is located in the Fuhlsbüttel district in northern Hamburg. Hamburg's second Airport is located in Lübeck 100 miles to the north-east. There is a one hour bus trip from Lübeck to Hamburg City.
Hamburg is one of the most expensive cities in Germany, only Berlin and Munich is more expensive. Hamburg's expansion to the east was limited during the Cold War, thou the border to East Germany was only 70 miles away.
Hamburg has the location on the Elbe River to thank for its significant role as a commercial metropolis. The port occupies about 10% of the city area and is Germany's largest port. It is Europe's largest container port after Rotterdam. Just over 8% of Germany's foreign trade passes through here and the port can receive 500 ships simultaneously. The total area that the port occupies is approximately 65 times the size of Monaco. The total length of the pier sections (bays, etc.) is 275 km. Warehouses and refrigeration plants etc. covers an area of 1.5 million m².
The major industries in Hamburg is electronics, machine building and chemical industries. The shipbuilding industry, which previously was very important, has declined sharply in importance. Hamburg is also a center of the German media, with a large number of businesses in publishing and media services, advertising, film, radio and television. Of the six largest publishers five are located in Hamburg. Some of the known publications are Stern, Zeit, Spiegel, Hör Zu and Bild.
During the war, Hamburg were subjected to severe bombing by the Allied Forces in order to destroy German industry and transportation. This means that there’s not many old buildings and small towns left for us to see. Another reason is that many larger German cities, Hamburg included, demolished many old neighborhoods in the 50 - and 60's.
Hamburg is a green city with many parks scattered throughout the city. The city park in central Hamburg, which was designed and built in 1910, the city's largest. The park has a beautiful lawn and a high water tower that contains Europe’s largest planetarium. In the middle of Hamburg is also the Alster Lake, which has an extensive canal system. The buildings around large parts of the Alster is from the late 1800s to the 1920s. The Eppendorf district is an example of this old building. Eppendorfer Baum and Eppendorfer Landstrasse is the main streets of the district which runs between Kloster Stern and Eppendorfer Markt. In this area there are many fashion and specialty stores.
Parking in Hamburg
Parking possibilities in the Hamburg city center is good and sometimes you can park for free the first three hours. There are many parking garages in the city centre. On our map of Hamburg, we have marked out the four centrally located parking garages. Note that it is often very tight in the parking garages in Hamburg, this is especially true Bleichenhof. The same parking garage (Bleichenhof) is also manned if you have problems passing bars or making a payment. For more information on car park in Hamburg can be found at www.parkhaus.de.
Traffic in Hamburg
Hamburg is a city with a lot of traffic, and as a result, a well-developed road network with major routes has been constructed to lead the traffic away from smaller roads. In the center of Hamburg you can find large, four-lane, one-way streets that efficiently handles large numbers of vehicles. The tempo is high in Hamburg and it’s necessary o keep up with the pace to not upset a stressed Hamburger. It is therefore useful to study the route through the city, and that passengers will help to keep track of the GPS and street names. Also to be updated on driving Theory Test can facilitate driving in Hamburg.
From Hamburg, there are motorways to Bremen, Hannover, Berlin, Kiel and Lübeck. Road signs in Germany are very good and it is difficult to get lost due to poor signage. Worth noting is that when you approach Hamburg the signs are changed from “Hamburg” to “HH” followed by district name, such as HH-Jenfeld or HH-Zentrum. HH is an abbreviation of the Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Hansestadt Hamburg).
Hamburg previously suffered major traffic problems because loads of through traffic went through the center of Hamburg. While the city was divided by the river Elbe, which meant a heavy load on the bridges over the river. When bridges later was raised to let large boats the chaos was even worse. Politicians in Hamburg decided to build a high bridge for traffic from Lübeck in the north, then a tunnel under the Elbe to serve traffic from Kiel and Bremen. Since January 1975 the traffic to Kiel and Flensburg is led beneath the Elbe in Elbtunnel consisting of four tubes with a total of eight lanes. The tunnel is 3.1 km long and lies 27 meters under the river Elbe.